William Henry Fox Talbot
Scanograms are a simple and contemporary counterpart to the photogram. Consider some of the following:
For our scanograms, we will be using the scanners to "capture" our objects, then from there, we will use photoshop to create duplicates, alter, warp, distort, skew, colorize, lower and raise opacities, or us any other effect you like to produce different patterns.
Using the scanner.
Go to Applications and find the "image capture" application
After you open image capture, if you see a blank gray screen like this, click on "show details" at the bottom right of the screen.
The scanner will begin by creating an overview "full bed" scan of the object or document you are trying to capture an image of. At this point, you will also want to select the type of file you wish to create (tif., jpeg, etc.) and also you can tell image capture what to name the file and where to place the file once the scan is complete. In the example below, the name of the files will be Scan. filetype, Scan1.filetype, Scan2.filetype, Scan3.filetype, and so forth... also note that these images will be placed in the "Pictures" folder on the computer. You may prefer to designate them to the desktop while active and working with them, then place them into designated folders afterward
After the "Overview Scan" image is complete, and to capture a specific range of the scanner's surface area, click on the "use custom size" then click and drag a rectangle around the area you wish to scan.
Last, but not least, you need to select a resolution for your image. If you want to print a 300 dpi image at 8x10 of your document area, and the cropped document area is 4x5, then you will have to scan at 600 dpi.
Resolution for printed images
Resolution is measured in dots or pixels per inch (dpi or ppi). The resolution of the scanned image is a necessary factor in the final print or on-screen output. In consumer or prosumer situations, such as personal ink jet printers or laser printers at stores like Kinkos or Costco, the print will look fine at a resolution of 200 to 300 dots per inch. In professional print environments, the rule is simple: ask the printer for the print specifications including file resolution and color space.
Resolution for screen presentations Any image that will be used on-screen, for instance on a website or in a video, will need to be saved only at screen resolution, or 72 dots per inch. The file size is directly connected to the amount of pixels saved in each inch of the bitmap or raster file. Image files saved at screen resolution are much smaller in file size than images that are saved for printing.
To determine the resolution to enter into the scanner software, simply acknowledge the size of the object on the flatbed, then decide how large you want the object to print on the page. If the object is, for example, 4 by 5 inches and the objective is to make a 4 by 5 inch print, scan the object at 200 – 300 dots per inch. If you want to make an 8 by 10 inch print, either scan the object at 300 dpi and increase the scale to 200 percent, or scan the object at 600 dpi at 100 percent scale. Enough already!!!!
But wait. One more thing: File formats such as JPEG, PNG, and PDF are used to compress the size of the file, and therefore often result in a loss of digital information. File formats such as TIFF and PSD are less “lossy” (the image does not lose digital information due to compression), and are therefore better format choices if the intent is to manipulate the image in an editing program such as Photoshop. I will use Tiff.... this makes a larger file size, but after the image is complete in photoshop, then you can save it as a jpeg for printing, or alter the image to 72 dpi for easy publishing on the web.SCANOGRAMS!!!
IN CLASS ASSIGNMENT:
Research different types of pattern. Tesselations, Alternating patterns, flowing patterns, progressive patterns, Radial Patterns, All over patterns, fractal patterns, spiral patterns. Post at least 8 images of patterns that you find inspiring to your blog under a new post named "Week 7: Scanograms"
Artists to look at: Victor Vasarly, Bridget Riley
Artists to look at: Victor Vasarly, Bridget Riley
For Friday (after Spring Break)
Scan one, or several objects to see how they work with the scanners. Some objects may capture better using the image capture and epson scanners. Select an object to create your scanograms. Using the pen tool, cut the object out. Then, you will create the following
1. Scanogram-using the initial object to create a complex pattern. Altering the opacity, applying filters, gradients, and transforming the initial object to create the new pattern. Create Sketches (either digitally, manually, or by being inspired from an image you found in your research) ....show them to me before you leave class.
2. Scanogram II- use the initial object to create another object. Rehash the initial object by appropriating it into a representational "new" object. You may research images online or use your drawing skills to show me the possible final project. Please show me your ideas before you leave class so I can make comments and suggestions before you begin work.
Previous Student Works:
Tools you might need!